Understanding the construction process

  • Understanding the construction process

    There are several stages involved in the construction process. Understanding all of these steps is vital to anyone within the construction industry and to the every day individual.

    Pre-Construction
    Once a client settles on the decision to build, it’s important to be familiar with the first steps in the pre-construction stage. There are many factors in the initial stages of building, which require specific tasks that take place, including choosing your building design, and having the architectural drawings prepared and obtaining all necessary paperwork to be able to apply for a building permit.

    Whether your building a home, warehouse facility or a commercial dwelling, it’s important to consider your budget above all else. As a client, you have many aesthetic options presented to you while the tedious process of approvals is being a processed. You will get to work closely with many different designing consultants and specialists within the industry, such as the Prestart Consultant, who can help you choose your desired colours and fittings as theme preference. This is a fantastic opportunity for you to organise the look of your business, particularly when selecting a theme that reflects your mantra.

    During this stage, its essential that clients familiarise themselves with the land developer requirements and learn if the site you have chosen is titled or untitled. Pelligra will help you to identify this crucial element of the construction process in order to progress with the project where if this lot is untitled, the construction process cannot commence.

    Once finance has been approved and you receive your land settlement and shire approvals, the construction phase can now begin.

    Construction
    Your first move is to choose a builder, developer or constructing company – There are six stages in the construction process.

    Stage 1 – Slab Down
    The first stage of construction starts from… you guessed it, the ground. It involves preparing the block and organising the foundations of the building. Before the slab can be poured, the concreters will work with the plumber to ensure that all pipes are in place. Once the slab is laid, and the sewerage drains are installed, the previously laid pipes can be connected to the sewer.

    Contracts
    In between the construction phase is the documentation of the client with the relevant project.

    This simply underlines the binding agreement with your builder, development or construction company. They form the basis of any backlashes in the process and a means of documenting and reporting and dispute resolution.

    It is important that you select a contract that suits you and the builder, as once you lock in, there are strict rules which apply. The construction company and builder’s tender, council approved plans and specifications, certified engineering details and any schedules (prime cost, contingency sums or nominated suppliers/contractors) to are all central aspects to the contract.

    Have your solicitor and designer review your contract before signing.

    Stage 2 – Brickwork – The building goes up
    This stage requires builders, and it is all about erecting the frame for the building. In this stage, scaffolds are present for holding workers and materials, depending on how many floors there are – the more scaffolds, the better. Builders should ensure that all metal supporting angles for windows and external doors are in place for the next stage.

    Stage 3 – Roof Cover

    Once the frame is completed, it’s then time to build the roofing frame to support roofing materials. Electricians and plumbers will be on site to complete the installations of plumbing and electrical needs, including electrical tubes, with roofer now ready to conduct roof cover and gutter installations.

    Stage 4 – Lockup
    During this stage, all windows and external doors are installed. Now, it is time to begin works on the internal aspect of the building – these include: plastering, ceilings, painting and cornices and applying materials such as tiling, doors, windows and flooring. These finishing touches are vital in preparing your purpose-built facility, or if it’s a residential property: making it a comfortable living space.

    Stage 5 – Practical Completion
    This is the calm before the storm stage. Despite having a neatly designed property that is close to finished – there are still details that may need amending. This is a stage specifically for the luxury of the client, ensuring that everything is aligned with your satisfaction.

    A site clean-up is essential before the handover stage. It is vital that the internal fitouts are cross-checked for approval, these include: Internal doors and shelving, electrical and plumbing, cabinetry, waterproof and ceramic tiling, flooring, shower screens, mirrors, plumbing and gas fit-off.

    Stage 6 – Handover

    The handover is a reflection of the pre-construction phase – confirming that all the right steps have taken place in accordance with the building blueprint. Once this is approved, and the final invoice is paid, the keys to the property will be handed to the client – you’re ready to move in.

    Additional information

    Not all constructions are the same, especially when dealing with multi-purpose facilities and warehouses. Since Pelligra deals with a wide-scale of projects ranging from commercial, industrial and residential – there are many things to take into factor.

    As each project is unique, it is important that the scope of a project is understood from the early stages of construction right through to the finished product. Pelligra specialises in urban renewal and renovations, too, which means projects can either scale from minor to major tasks – but not always are the little tasks little, as clients can sometimes withdraw from a project, leaving the building incomplete.

    Download a copy of our infographic below, or for more information on the construction process, go to www.yourhome.gov.au.

    (PDF – 809KB) Understanding the construction process